Cutting 300 Calories a Day Can Improve Your Metabolic
You don’t have to go on a crash diet to reduce your risk of heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.
Cutting the caloric equivalent of a bagel or a slice of cheese pizza from your daily diet may be enough to improve biomarkers for metabolic syndrome such as high blood pressure, high blood sugar, excess body fat around the waist, and abnormal cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
That’s according to researchers at Duke University in North Carolina.
Their CALERIE study led by Dr. William Kraus, director of clinical translation at the Duke Molecular Physiology Institute, compared the biomarkers for metabolic syndrome between a group with a controlled normal calorie diet and a group of 143 study participants who agreed to reduce their daily caloric intake.
“Two years of moderate calorie restriction significantly reduced multiple cardiometabolic risk factors in young, non-obese adults,” the study concluded.
“The question is does caloric reduction extend life span or health span — the period between birth and when people develop diseases,” said Kraus.
The study by Kraus and his colleagues focused on general caloric restrictions rather than reducing the intake of specific micronutrients such as protein, carbohydrates, or fat.
The fact that the study group was comprised of young people of normal or slightly above normal weight with normal biomarkers for metabolic syndrome made the results even more significant, added Kraus.
Modestly cutting calories “improved even normal biomarkers to be supernormal,” he said.